What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a disorder which makes it difficult for individuals of average or above average intelligence to read, write, and spell and sometimes to compute, organize, and comprehend material in their native language. It often runs in families and may be caused by naturally occurring brain differences. Many individuals learn to compensate for or practically overcome their weaknesses through proper teaching methods and practice.
How would I know if my child has dyslexia?
The characteristics of dyslexia vary from person to person. Some children experience problems in many areas while some may have a difficulty in only one area. Many young children exhibit one or more of the following characteristics; however, persistent occurrences should alert teachers and parents to the possibility of dyslexia:
- Problems in learning the names of the letters of the alphabet
- Difficulty in learning to read
- Difficulty in learning to write the alphabet correctly in sequence
- Reversal of letters or sequences of letters/numbers
- Cramped or illegible handwriting
- Repeated erratic spelling errors
- Ability to learn to spell a “list” of words sufficiently to “pass” a weekly test, but may be unable to spell any of the words the next week
- Ability to express self orally but unable to write what s/he has said
- Inability to rhyme or “play with sounds” in words
- Reading well enough to “get by” in elementary school only to collapse when reaching middle school or high school
- “Grade level” reading ability may not be commensurate with child’s intelligence
The following characteristics may be associated with dyslexia:
- Delay in spoken language
- Difficulty in finding that “right” word when speaking
- Late in establishing preferred hand for writing
- Late in learning right and left and other directionality components such as up-down, front-behind, east-west, and others
- Problems in learning the concept of time and temporal sequencing, e.g., yesterday-tomorrow, days of the week, and months of the year
- May form letters from bottom to top
- Family history of similar problems
How can my child be dyslexic and still make good grades?
A child may make good grades but resist any writing and reading activity. As school work becomes progressively harder, the child may: become less eager to complete assignments; rely on others to write or read assignment; refuse to work altogether.
What do I do if I think my child has dyslexia?
Discuss you concerns with your child’s teacher. You have a right to ask for your child to be assessed for dyslexia by your child’s school.
Whom do I contact if I have questions?
In Round Rock ISD, first contact your child’s school and request a dyslexia evaluation from the 504 Contact. For further information contact the Response to Intervention department. You may also contact your local branch of The International Dyslexia Association for workshop opportunities.
What is the assessment process?
Your child will be given a series of assessments which would enable the school and you to determine the most appropriate instructional program for your child. The assessment instruments are designed to determine how well your child can: decode words, understand what s/he reads, understand what s/he hears, and how well s/he communicates thoughts in writing. The assessment instruments also determine: phonemic awareness, reading accuracy, rate and fluency. The assessment is conducted at the child’s campus by a member of the assessment team. According to the Texas Education Agency guidelines, the battery of tests includes, but is not limited to: a measure of cognitive ability, achievement testing, and phonological awareness testing.
What happens after my child is assessed?
Upon the completion of testing by the dyslexia evaluator, the Round Rock ISD dyslexia assessment team will meet to review the testing results of the child. You will also be invited to a meeting at your child’s school. During that meeting, you will be given the results of the dyslexia evaluation and appropriate instructional options will be discussed.
What happens if my child qualifies for services?
The placement options are based on the amount of intervention needed for the child to be successful in the regular classroom. The placement options become less restrictive at each level. The placement options are: Direct Services:
- At this level, the child’s initial testing indicates a need for short-term multi-sensory reading intervention, and possibly 504 classroom accommodations.
- Monitor with possible 504 Accommodations:
- The dyslexia teacher will monitor the student’s progress.
Possible 504 Accommodations Only:
- The 504 committee will meet annually to establish appropriate accommodations. At this level, the services of a dyslexia teacher are no longer required.
When will my student be exited from direct dyslexia services from Round Rock ISD?
No one factor is sufficient to warrant exiting a student from direct dyslexia services after an intervention. Discontinuation of direct services is determined by consensus of the Campus 504 Committee. The 504 Committee considers the following factors when recommending exiting or a reduction of dyslexia services under Section 504.
- Completing the scope and sequence of an Orton-Gillingham based program used in the dyslexia program;
- The student passed the reading portion of the TAKS/STAAR, after not previously passing; or achieving “Commended” on reading TAKS/STAAR;
- The reevaluation and/or post-testing of students show growth to be closer to age level proficiency standards;
- The student demonstrates self-monitoring/self-correction behaviors as evidenced through informal observation by the teacher and/or IDT.
- If the student has made ONLY limited academic progress while being directly served, a referral to special education may be appropriate.
What can I do to help my child?
- First, understand the nature of your child’s difficulty. Read books on the subject and emphasize your child’s strengths and talents. Don’t pressure your child; give him/her praise more than negative comments.
- Home life should be as stress-free as possible. Establish regular routines with your child.
- Keep instructions simple by giving one direction at a time. Ask you child to repeat instructions and make certain s/he understands what you have directed by asking, “What do you understand to do?” So that the child has an opportunity to repeat back in his/her own words what action is expected. Give your child time to think.
- Break tasks into small chunks. Once one thing is completed, give another direction and allow time for your child to complete that particular phase of the task.
- Don’t assume anything. If your child doesn’t understand, show him/her how to do something. Build on what your child knows.
- Help your child schedule time – what subjects should be studied first, when should breaks be taken, etc. Discuss with your child’s teacher(s) homework assignments that take unrealistic amounts of time to complete.
The Dyslexia Handbook is published by the Texas Education Agency, Department of Curriculum and Professional Development. Also included is information on the Student Success Initiative. These documents are available in both Spanish and English.
- These centers provide outside of district testing, out of district tutoring, and basic parent information:
- Neuhaus Education Center
- Scottish Rite Dyslexia Center
- Rawson Saunders School
- The Academic Language Therapy Association (ALTA)
- International Dyslexia Association
- Austin Area Branch of the International Dyslexia Association
- National Center for Learning Disabilities
- LD Online
- Overcoming Dyslexia by Sally Shaywitz
- The Dyslexic Advantage by Brock L. Eide and Fernette F. Eide
- The Everything Parent’s Guide to Children with Dyslexia by Abigail Marshall
- Bringing Words to Life by Beck, McKeown, ad Kucan
- The Alphabet War: A Story about Dyslexia
Dyslexia Services in Round Rock ISD
The Round Rock ISD dyslexia program is designed to provide short-term reading intervention for children who meet Round Rock’s criteria. Services are offered to qualifying students in kindergarten through grade 12. When a Student Support Team meets and suspects that a particular child is displaying characteristics of dyslexia, a 504 referral process is started. One of the district’s dyslexia evaluators will then assess the student using a battery of tests. Such services provide the students with the skills and strategies to “unlock” the code of reading and to improve reading fluency. Students are instructed using Orton-Gillingham based reading programs and/or multi-sensory structured language approaches.
Forms/Resources (RRISD Employees Only)
- Dysgraphia Parent Input
- Dysgraphia Teacher Input
- Dysgraphia Assessment Explanation
- 2018-2019 Dyslexia &/Or Dysgraphia Parent Request Checklist
- English Dyslexia Parent Information
- Spanish Dyslexia Parent Information
- Dyslexia Transfer & Outside Evaluations Checklist
- Dyslexia Assessment Explanation
- Evaluation Complete Cover Letter
- SST Referral Checklist
- Form 3: Vision and Hearing Screening-Health Information
- Form 4: Classroom Observation
- Form 7: Educational History
- 504 Consent to Initial Testing
- Kinder EOY Screening
- English Administration Directions for Kinder EOY Spelling
- Spanish Administration Directions for Kinder EOY spelling
- EOY Kinder Dyslexia Screening Behavior Log
- English Kinder Guidance for Filling Out Letters
- English Kinder Dyslexia At Risk Letter
- English Kinder Dyslexia At Risk Letter (Spanish Speaking Parent)
- English Kinder Dyslexia NOT At Risk Letter (Spanish Speaking Parent)
- English Kinder Dyslexia NOT At Risk Letter
- Spanish Kinder Guidance for Filling Out At Risk Letters
- Dual Language Dyslexia AT Risk Letter
- Dual Language Dyslexia AT Risk Letter (Spanish Speaking Parent)
- Dual Language Dyslexia Not At Risk Letter (Spanish Speaking Parent)
- Dual Language Dyslexia Not At Risk Letter
- 1st Grade Winter Screening – English
- 1st Grade Dyslexia Screening PD 1-7-2019
- Dyslexia Screening Behavior Log
- LNF PM Stimulus Booklet Kindergarten
- LWSF PM Stimulus Booklet Kindergarten
- NWF Winter Benchmark 1st
- Quick Steps-Survey Level Assessment
- Test of Written Spelling Procedures
- TWS 1st Grade Spelling – Winter
- TWS Raw Score Conversion from Raw to Standard Score
- 1st Grade MOY ORF Observations for Eduphoria
- 1st Grade Winter Screening – Spanish
- AimswebPlus SLNF PM Stimulus Booklet Kindergarten
- AimswebPlus SLSF PM Stimulus Booklet Kindergarten
- Dyslexia Screening Behavior Log
- Quick Steps-Survey Level Assessment
- Dyslexia At Risk Letter 2019
- Dyslexia Not At Risk Letter 2019
- Dual Language Dyslexia At Risk Letter 2019
- Dual Language Dyslexia Not At Risk Letter 2019
- Spanish Dual Language Dyslexia At Risk Letter 2019
- Spanish Dual Language Dyslexia Not At Risk Letter 2019
- English Guidance for Filling out At Risk Letters
- Spanish Guidance for Filling out At Risk Letters
- 1st Grade Risk Factors & Kinder Screening Guidelines – February 14th, 2019